The chemical and physical properties of fullerenes have been a focus of research, and the applications of buckyball and walled nanotubes have spawned a new industry.
This animation "Fullerene - Buckyball / Nanotube" is meant for classroom teaching and for the general consumption. Another 70 minute animation of ours "Fullerene Advanced - Buckyball / Nanotube” gives deeper information on fullerene.
Fullerene is the fourth allotrope of carbon - the other being graphite, diamond and amorphous soot. Its discovery is recent, the first fullerene, C60, was discovered in 1985. C60 buckyball has a round soccer ball shape and it is called as buckminsterfullerene, it is a hollow sphere or has a geodesic geometry consisting of interconnected pentagonal and hexagonal polygons. There are 60 carbon atoms in one molecule of C60 fullerene molecule. Subsequently a rugby ball shape C70 and many other buckyballs were discovered.
Carbon atoms also arrange themselves in hexgonally-bonded array in tube form to create many centimeters long buckytubes or nanotubes. Discovery of single walled and multi walled carbon nanotubes opened up the possibility of numerous nanotube applications in the field of fullerene science and technology.
In the previous 15 years, artificial preparation of fullerenes has come up in a big way; one of methods of preparing fullerenes is by heating graphite rods in helium atmosphere.
The fullerenes have found application in electrical, automotive, nuclear and medical sector to name a few. Buckyballs use is being researched as HIV protease inhibitor - we have presented this concept in the animation.
It is difficult to imagine a nano world. This is a world where quantum rules work and the mechanical physics does not, where objects are a few atoms and molecules in dimensions. To give an idea about the nano structures we have included a section "The concept of nano" in the animation.
The animation has the following sections:
Discovery of fullerenes
Medical Application - AIDS
Concept of Nano